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North American And European LED Market Entry Requirements (US, Canadian Entry Requirements)
Apr 07, 2018

As a new generation of green lighting, LED products have gradually increased to global applications. At the same time, with the global economic situation picking up and the development of China's LED industry, the scale of China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow. LED general lighting is still the most important market development. driving force. The export of LED lighting products in our country shows that overseas markets are blooming and the structure of export regions is more balanced. Among them, the North American and European Union markets have become China's largest export of LED products, but LED lighting products in the two regions have different levels of regulatory requirements, how to meet the regulatory requirements of the two places and the market demand has always been made in China Business concerns.

 1, the United States, Canada access requirements

The LED lighting products exported to the North American market also need to meet the electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, energy efficiency, and chemical test requirements required by the US regulations; however, these requirements differ from the EU directive requirements to varying degrees:

a. Electrical safety test

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the U.S. Department of Labor requires that products used in the workplace must be tested and certified by the NRTL to ensure the safety of users. Therefore, most electrical products enter the market. The U.S. market must comply with the NRTL logo, and OSHA authorizes the international certification body to serve as an NRTL certification authority for testing and certification according to the applicable standards of the product. For the Canadian market, electrical products sold or imported into Canada must be validated in Canada. Testing must be completed by a laboratory approved by the Canadian Standards Committee (SCC).

North American lighting standards are quite different from the EU IEC, and North American electrical safety testing does not need to consider EMF requirements. North American lighting standards generally determine the scope of the standard according to the intended use and location of use.

Examples: Fixed ceiling lamps, embedded ceiling lamps, etc. The applicable standards are ANSI/UL 1598 and CAN/CSA C22.2 No.250.0. If these lamps are LED light sources, additional ANSI/ UL 8750 and CSA C22.2 No. 250.13; For LED luminaires with built-in electronic power supply, the built-in electronic power supply circuit must comply with UL1310 or UL60950-1, in addition to the luminaire series test.

b. Energy efficiency test

Some areas of the United States also provide different degrees of financial subsidies for access to Energy Star or DLC-certified luminaire products; the current energy efficiency test of LED bulbs and luminaires in the United States is mainly focused on LED luminaires Energy Star and DLC, and Lighting Facts label they all belong to. Voluntary requirements, the United States federal minimum efficiency requirements (DOE) has not yet included the LED bulbs and LED lamps into the scope of control. However, in California, mobile LED lighting must meet the special requirements of California energy consumption.

1). Energy Efficiency Certification of ENERGYSTAR Energy Star

The ENERGY STAR Energy Star logo was created jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) to ensure that the energy efficiency of listed products meets regulatory requirements, but it is a voluntary testing and certification. Currently for LED light bulb products, Energy Star Lampsprogram V1.1 and the latest version of V2.0 can be adopted, but Lampsprogram V2.0 must be adopted from January 2, 2017; for the LED lighting products, the Energy Star test requires version The Luminaire program V2.0 has officially entered into force on June 1, 2016. There are three main types of LED bulbs that can be used: non-directional lamps, directional lamps, and non-standard lamps. ENERGY STAR has strict requirements on the relevant photoelectric parameters, flash frequency and lumen maintenance and lifespan of LED bulbs. The test methods refer to LM-79 and LM-80 standards. In the new Energy Star rule lamp LampV2.0, the light efficiency requirements of the light bulb are substantially increased, product performance and range are broadened, and the classification level of energy efficiency and performance is increased. The EPA will continue to focus on power factor, dimming, flashing, accelerated aging solutions and connectable products.

2). Lighting Facts Label Energy Efficiency Certification

It is a voluntary energy efficiency label project announced by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). Currently, it only targets LED luminaire products. It was launched with the intention of “Give them the Facts” to make lighting products more specific and more reliable. The requirements are to disclose the true performance parameters of the product in five aspects: lumen lm, initial luminous efficiency lm/W, input power W, correlated color temperature CCT, and color rendering index CRI. The LED lamp product range applicable to this project is: Complete luminaires with AC mains or DC power supply, low-voltage 12V AC or DC lamps, LED lamps with detachable power supply, linear or modular products.

3). DLC Energy Efficiency Certification

The full name of DLC is "The Design Lights Consortium". A voluntary energy efficiency certification program initiated by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP), a DLC-certified product catalogue used for high performance across the United States that has not been covered by the ENERGY STAR standard LED lighting promotion. The latest version of the current DLC Technical Requirements Form is V4.0, which was implemented on September 1, 2016. The lighting products involved mainly focus on outdoor commercial and industrial architectural LED lamps, such as outdoor wall lamps, garage lamps, and industrial and mining. Lamps, outdoor LED lamps, LED lamps, and other lighting products. Its main performance requirements for the product: total luminous flux, luminous flux, luminous efficiency, color temperature, color rendering index, lumen maintenance rate, power factor, harmonic distortion. DLC certification requires that the product must be tested and issued by a third-party laboratory that is accredited by NVLAP.

4). FTC energy efficiency stickers

According to the requirements of the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) Act, LED lights entering the US market need to be labeled with an energy label on the box and the lamp body to disclose to the public the annual power consumption, lifespan, and other information of the product. The FTC energy efficiency label and the above The Lighting Facts Label tag is similar, but the FTC energy label is mandatory. For details see the FTCenergyguidelabel Requirements Regulation: 16CFR305.

5). California Energy Efficiency Requirements

In order to improve the efficiency of electricity products, the California Energy Commission (California Energy Commission) implemented the Appliance Efficiency Regulations on December 30, 2005. Total regulatory requirements for energy efficiency and use efficiency that must be complied with when entering more than twenty categories of products into California, USA. The latest requirement is the CEC regulations enacted and implemented in October 2015. For lighting products, the energy efficiency of mobile LED lighting fixtures must meet CEC energy efficiency requirements to enter the California region and testing must be completed in a CEC-accredited laboratory.

6). Canadian Energy Efficiency Testing Requirements

For lighting products, currently Canada's mandatory energy efficiency requirements NRCan has been controlled by general-purpose fluorescent lamps, general incandescent reflector lamps, and general-purpose lamp products. However, there are currently no mandatory energy efficiency requirements for LED light source lamp products.

c. FCC/ICES test requirements

The FCC is a mandatory certification for the EMI characteristics limits of teletype video products stipulated by the United States federal law, but does not include the test requirements for EMS (radio immunity); the FCC certification test of LED lamps and CE in the EU The electromagnetic compatibility EMC certification test has a big difference.

FCC certification is divided into Verification (self-certification), Declaration of Conformity (announcement declaration) and Certification (authentication) three modes, which kind of authentication method, depending on the type of product, such as LED panel light product FCC test standard is FCC 47 CFR part 15B, certification type: Verification. It should be noted that the FCC certification of LED lamps is divided into Class A (LED lamps used in industrial and commercial environments) and Class B (LED lamps used in residential environments). The test limits of the two types are completely different. CE certification There is only one type of radio disturbance test limit in the standard. The limit is similar to the Class B in the FCC. There is a 9k-30MHz electromagnetic field emission test.

Canada also imposes mandatory electromagnetic compatibility requirements on electrical products, referred to as ICES for short, and is a mandatory certification of Industry Canada. The standard for LED lamp products is ICES-005. Its requirements are basically the same as those of FCCpart15B, but radiation The test extends to 1000MHz. From December 1, 2016, ICES-005Issue4 is officially implemented and Canada no longer accepts ICES005.