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North American And European LED Market Entry Requirements Differences (EU Regulatory Requirements)
Apr 09, 2018

2. EU regulatory requirements

In Europe, due to the ban on the sale of incandescent lamps, the demand for LED lighting is expected to increase gradually. In addition, a wide variety of applications, including automotive, outdoor and decorative applications, as well as the demand for indoor use of LED lighting, will also increase. Meeting the requirements of EU regulations will become a challenge for Chinese manufacturers.

According to the European Commission’s ordinance, luminaires and similar products must be affixed with CE certification labels for sale in Europe. The products must be marked with the CE mark and must comply with the European Union’s electrical safety, EMC, chemical substances, energy consumption and energy efficiency labels for lighting products as follows. The directive requires:

a. Electrical safety test

The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) establishes overall safety requirements for all low-voltage products that enter the European Union. Semiconductor lighting products fall under the definition of low-voltage products, and must therefore follow the low voltage directive. Different LED lamp products have different test standards, as shown in the following table:

b. EMC test

According to EU Directive 2014/30/EU, battery-compatible tests include two aspects: Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Electromagnetic Tolerance (EMS). The former mainly includes conducted interference and radiation interference, while the latter mainly considers products such as electrostatic discharge. Radiation, bursts, surges, and the ability to withstand disturbances, ie interference immunity tests. The main test standards are: EN55015; EN61547 and EN61000-3-2 power supply harmonic requirements, EN61000-3-3 power supply flicker requirements.

c. ERP instruction

For LED light products, the ERP Directive requires that the LED lights and control devices meet the following requirements:

 ♦ Energy consumption requirements: maximum energy efficiency index EEI of the luminaire; no-load power of the control device, standby power, and load efficiency;

 ♦ LED lamp functional test requirements: 6000h lamp survival rate and lumen maintenance rate; number of switches before failure; startup time; 95% lumen rise time; premature failure rate; color rendering index; color tolerance (for color consistency Requirements); Power Factor PF. However, at present, EU ERP does not require LED flash frequency;

 ♦ Product information signs and energy efficiency labeling requirements: Label luminous flux, nominal life, color temperature, etc. Please refer to the implementation rules (EUNO.1194/2012; NO.874/2012) for the detail requirements limit;

 ♦ LED lighting products meet the above requirements of electrical safety, EMC, ERP, chemical Rosh, Reach, and electronic scrap recycling instructions can be marked with the CE mark, in addition to LED bulbs and lamps also need to follow the energy efficiency label, according to measured energy consumption data posted Energy efficiency stickers.

3, the conclusion

In LED product testing, in addition to common mandatory requirements for electrical, energy efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility testing, etc., regardless of the EU or North American market, more and more buyers attach importance to some voluntary certification certificates and performance testing of LED lighting products, such as the GS recognized by the European market. Certificates, DLC (Design Lights Consortium), Lightning Facts test and certification list, etc. In addition, the special optical characteristics of certain LED products are increasingly being valued by buyers, such as strobe verification, spectral measurement, color consistency, and color rendering index CRI, LED aging test, energy conversion efficiency, and full luminous flux. Performance requirements such as viewing angle range. Therefore, in the face of fierce competition in Europe and the United States market, in addition to compliance with mandatory certification testing, the additional performance often makes its products easier to stand out in many similar products.